Nicolas Boucher

Male 1672 -


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Nicolas Boucher was born on 14 Nov 1672 in Boucherville, Quebec (son of Pierre Boucher de Grosbois and Jean Crevier).

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Pierre Boucher de Grosbois was born on 1 Aug 1622 in Orne, France (son of Gaspard Boucher and Nicole Lemaire); died on 19 Apr 1717 in Boucherville, Quebec.

    Notes:

    - Wikipedia: Pierre Boucher and later Pierre Boucher de Boucherville, born and baptized 1 August 1622 in Mortagne-au-Perche, died 19 April 1717 at the age of 95 at Boucherville, came to Canada from France in 1635 with his father. At the age of 18, he entered the services of the Jesuits and spent 4 years with the Huron missions at Georgian Bay (see Sainte-Marie among the Hurons).

    In 1641, Governor Huault de Montmagny took him into his service as a soldier in the garrison of Quebec city, but especially as an interpreter and agent to the Indian tribes due to his familiarity with the Huron dialects. In this capacity he took part in all the parleys of the authorities with the Indians.

    In 1645 Boucher was appointed official interpreter of Indian languages at Trois-Rivieres. He was appointed commissary-general of the trading post in 1648 and elected captain of the militia in 1651. While in this capacity he distinguished himself against an attack by the Iroquois in 1653 and concluded a peace treaty with them on favorable terms. The next year, owing to this success he was named governor of the settlement. In 1661 he was sent to France to represent the colonies. He returned with soldiers, supplies, additional settlers and a commitment of support to the New France colony by the French Monarch, Louis XIV. Re-appointed governor in 1662 he continued this position until his resignation in 1667. His "L'histoire veritable et naturelle des moeurs et productions du pays de la Nouvelle-France, vulgairement dite le Canada", a description of the flora, fauna and native societies in the region (and a significant, pioneering documentation of North American natural history) was published in Paris in 1664. He was succeeded in the governorship by his son-in-law, Rene Gaultier de Varennes.

    Pierre Boucher had 15 children. His first wife, Marie Madeliene Chretienne, was a Huron girl who had been educated by the Ursuline order of nuns; she died in childbirth. He was survived by his second wife, Jeanne Crevier. The family is still in existence today. Surnames in the Boucher line include Grosbois, or de Grosbois. Descendents have spread beyond Canada including the United States, Mauritius, France and the West Indies.

    He withdrew from public office to establish his seignorial parish at Boucherville on the south shore of the St Lawrence River near Montreal.

    Pierre Boucher was the first Canadian settler to be ennobled by King Louis XIV. He died at his seignory at Boucherville, which was named in his honour.

    - Pierre arrived in "New France" in 1635. He was a companion to the Jesuits as they visited the Huron Indian tribe for the purpose of conversion to Christianity. He later worked at the trading post in Trois-Rivi'e8res. In 1649, he married an indian woman who had converted to Christianity. Her name was Marie-Madeleine Ou'e9badinoukou. Both mother and son died a few years after his marriage. In 1652, he married Jeanne Crevier. They had 15 children and spread the name of Boucher in America with many descendants. King Louis XIV made Pierre Boucher a Noble in 1653. Pierre was known as the Sieur de Gros-Bois, Seigneur de Boucherville and Gouverneur des Trois-Rivi'e8res. (Cyprien Tanguay)

    - 1652: July 9; Quebec, marriage (II)-Pierre Boucher (1622-1717) (Ancient Governor Trois Rivieres) son (I)-Gaspard Boucher and Nicole Lamie; 1st. married January 17, 1649 Kebec, Marie Madeleine (Chretienne) Ouebaddinoukoue a Huron Indian; 2nd married July 9, 1652 (II)-Jeanne Crevier, Metis b-1636 daughter (I)-Christophe Crevier and Jeanne Enard, b-1619 Metis or savageese. See notes 1734, I suspect Pierre Boucher is himself a Metis.
    TWO CHILDREN ARE RECORDED in 2nd marriage
    (III)-Louise Boucher, Metis born December 5, 1670, died October 25, 1756, Montreal.
    (III)-Charles Boucher, Metis married Marie Anne Lavaltrie

    - Ecuyer Pierre Boucher de Grosbois was baptized Aug. 1, 1622, at Notre-Dame, Mortagne-with-Pole, Orne, France. He and Gaspard Boucher immigrated in June 1634 to Quebec, Canada. The marriage contract of Jeanne Crevier and 'c9cuyer Pierre Boucher of Grosbois is signed on July 5, 1652 at Saint-Louis in Quebec. He married Jeanne Crevier, girl of Sieur Christophe Crevier of the Fray and Jeanne 'c9vard on July 9, 1652 in Quebec. He obtains concession of the Grosbois stronghold in 1653. He was governor of the Three-Rivers in 1663 to 1665.
    In 1666, Rider Pierre Butcher of Grosbois, Marguerite Butcher, Philippe Butcher, Jean Deforms, Pierre Lefebvre, Pierre Picard, Marie Boucher, Sieur Ignace Boucher of Grosbois, Sieur Lambert Butcher, Pierre Boucher, lord of Boucherville, Sieur Thomas Fr'e9rot of Chenaye, Demoiselle Madeleine Boucher, Nicolas Nervaux and Jeanne Crevier live at Three-Rivers. He and his family of twenty people lived in 1667 at the Cape-of-the-Madeleine, Mauricie. He had twelve cattle and a hundred and fifty arpents of ground in value. Rider Pierre Butcher of Grosbois, Jeanne Butcher, Louise Butcher, Genevieve Butcher, Rene Butcher of the Stone quarry, Sieur Jean Butcher of Monbrun, Jacques Butcher, Nicolas Butcher, Sieur Jean-Baptiste Butcher of Niverville, Marguerite Butcher, Philippe Butcher, Sieur Ignace Butcher of Grosbois, Sieur Lambert Butcher thePre ones, Pierre Butcher, lord of Boucherville and Jeanne Crevier live in 1681 with the seigniory of Boucherville, Quebec. 'c9cuyer Pierre Boucher of Grosbois has eight rifles, six guns, thirty animals with horns and hundred arpents of ground in value.
    He dies on April 19, 1717 with Boucherville 13,62. He is buried on April 21, 1717 with Boucherville.

    - During a meeting of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences Feb. 17, 1897, Mr. Henry H. Edes “called attention to the fact that the full name and antecedents of Pierre Boucher de la Broquerie, who led the French and Indians in the attack made upon Wells in the summer of 1693, has apparently been hitherto unknown to our American historians'85 indeed, so little appears to have been known of La Broquerie by our American writers that they have obscured his identity under various misspellings of his titular appellation.” Mr. Edes than communicated correspondence he had with John G. Bourinot, D.C.., secretary of the Royal Society of Canada, re. the Index of the first volume of the Publications of this society: “Dear Mr. Edes: I am not able for a day or two to go fully into the La Brognerie question. I know, however, it is a misprint for La Broquerie, one of the names of the Boucher family.”
    A later letter from Mr. Edes noted he had obtained information respecting La Broquerie from Benjamin Sulte, author of “Les Canadiens Francais” and the best informed man in Canada on such subjects:
    Pierre Boucher de Brosbois, governor of Three Rivers, was the father of Pierre Boucher de la Broquerie, born, Three Rivers, 1653, married, Quebec, Oct. 25, 1683 to Charlotte Denys de la Trinite. La Broquerie lived at Boucherville. He is the officer of 1693 mentioned by Mr. Edes.
    His father, Pierre Boucher de Grosbois and Boucherville, lived from 1668 until 1717 on his Seigniory of Boucherville, and was known by the name of Mr. de Boucherville.
    After 1717, Pierre Boucher de la Broquerie, being the eldest son, took the name of Boucherville and the Seigniory; he died there Aug. 17, 1740.
    Joseph, son of the latter, called also La Broquerie, did good services during the wars of 1744-60. In 1756, he built ships on Lake Ontario; we have a map of that Lake by him, 1757. He died at Boucherville (of which he was the Seignor) Feb. 28, 1762. - B. Sulte; May 24, 1896.

    - Pierre Boucher, Seigneur de Boucherville, arrived in Canada in 1635 at the early age of 13, with his father and 11 brothers and sisters; in 1651, he saved the Trois-Rivieres colony, of which he was at one time Governor, from an invasion by the Iroquois; he returned to France and was entrusted with the colonization programme in Canada, which proved to be Colbert's success; for this Louis XIV created him a noble. Pierre Boucher died in 1717, at 97, leaving 15 or 16 children and a hundred grandchildren, among whom were 7 priests and 13 nuns. The most celebrated of them were the La Verendryes, father and son, explorers of the lands west of Lake Superior; a grandson of the Seigneur de Boucherville, Joseph Boucher de la Broquerie, born in 1732, married in 1753 Clemence Gamelin, daughter of Pierre Gamelin Maugras and of Marie Clemence Dufrost Lajemmerais, sister of Mother d'youville, founder of the Order of the Grey Nuns in Canada.

    Pierre married Jean Crevier on 9 Jul 1652 in Canada. Jean (daughter of Christophe Crevier and Jeanne Evard) was born in 1636 in St Cande Le Jeune, Rouen, France; died on 11 Dec 1727 in Boucherville, Quebec. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Jean Crevier was born in 1636 in St Cande Le Jeune, Rouen, France (daughter of Christophe Crevier and Jeanne Evard); died on 11 Dec 1727 in Boucherville, Quebec.
    Children:
    1. Pierre Boucher was born on 18 Aug 1653 in Three Rivers, Quebec; died on 17 Aug 1740 in Boucherville, Quebec; was buried on 17 Aug 1740 in Boucherville, Quebec.
    2. Genevieve Boucher was born on 19 Aug 1676 in Boucherville, Quebec.
    3. Ignace Boucher was born on 17 Jan 1657/58 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec; died on 26 Oct 1699 in Boucherville, Quebec.
    4. Jacques Boucher was born on 6 Dec 1673 in Boucherville, Quebec; died on 10 Sep 1688 in Boucherville, Quebec.
    5. Jean Baptiste Boucher was born on 6 Dec 1673 in Boucherville, Quebec; was christened on 10 Dec 1673 in Boucherville, Quebec; died on 1 Apr 1748 in Boucherville, Quebec; was buried on 1 Apr 1748 in Boucherville, Quebec.
    6. Jeanne Boucher was born on 5 Dec 1670 in Boucherville, Quebec.
    7. Lambert Boucher de Grandpre was born on 12 Aug 1656 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec; died on 3 Apr 1699 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec.
    8. Madeleine Boucher was born about 1661 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec.
    9. Marguerite Boucher was born on 26 Jul 1663 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec.
    10. Marie Boucher was born on 8 Mar 1653/54 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec.
    11. 1. Nicolas Boucher was born on 14 Nov 1672 in Boucherville, Quebec.
    12. Phillippe Boucher was born on 19 Dec 1665 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec.
    13. Rene Boucher was born on 18 Jun 1668 in Montreal, Quebec; died on 12 Aug 1742 in Quebec.
    14. Rene Jean Boucher was born on 6 Feb 1665/66.
    15. Marie Ursule Boucher was born on 8 Mar 1654/55 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec; died in 1733.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Gaspard Boucher was born in 1599 in Lemans, France (son of Jacques Jean Boucher and Francoise Paigne); died on 20 May 1662 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec.

    Notes:

    - The fur trade is the main local economic factor. Everyone participates, and its prosperity is due to the explorers. The waterways allow access to the country's interior, permitting new discoveries, and alliances with the Indians and to consolidate trade. Conflicts will soon follow. The lucrative commerce of furs stimulates the English and the Dutch who are close neighbours, and they quickly realized the importance of Indian alliances. On his arrival Champlain allies himself with the Huron tribes. The Iroquois were allied with the English and did all that was possible to create problems for the French colony by diverting to New England the French canoes carrying furs.

    Two years after his arrival, Gaspard Boucher recommends his son Pierre to the Reverend Fathers, who hire him as a domestic, which permits him to live with the Jesuit missionaries in Huron country. This will enable him to learn their language and customs. It would be helpful to the new governor Louis d'Ailleboust. A few writers cited 1634 as the year of Pierre Boucher's arrival. Pierre Boucher had in fact written that he had arrived in 1635 "I am one of the habitants of New France that has lived here the longest having been brought here in 1635 by my now deceased father."

    He will spend four years with the missionaries. It is the beginning of a life, which is full of new and rare experiences, but so enriching. Pierre Boucher will benefit from this all of his life. On his return from the Huron country, the governor de Montmagny assigns him as a soldier in the Quebec City garrison, where he will rapidly become a corporal, then a sergeant, continuing his role as a translator of the Huron language. Pierre Boucher will quickly participate in many conflicts, and his sons will follow putting their lives at risk. They will not experience the end of New France, leaving this to the members of the third generation.

    Others have said it before me: The history of this family is the history of Canada. Lets hope that we shall never forget it. In 1695 Pierre Boucher wrote in his memoirs "my family is beautiful... I have nine sons. I also have six daughters." Most historians have noted this correctly, but that has not always been the case. Mgr Tanguay (genealogist) was the first to err in writing that the Boucher spouses had a son Joachim born in 1659 and killed in a combat against the Iroquois on July 12th 1692. It is useless to expand on this blunder of Tanguay since the other fifteen children are mentioned. It is the first of many errors done by qualified historians or researchers. I will refer to four more examples of this further down. One must recognize that it is not always easy to follow his descendants. The appearance of new family names and transfer of surnames can add to the discouragement by one who is concerned in doing research on Pierre Boucher's fifteen children.

    Gaspard married Nicole Lemaire. Nicole (daughter of Nicolas Lemaire and Marie Castrie) was born in 1598 in Lemans, France; was christened in in Mamers, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France; died in in Trois Rivieres, Quebec; was buried in 1662. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Nicole Lemaire was born in 1598 in Lemans, France; was christened in in Mamers, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France (daughter of Nicolas Lemaire and Marie Castrie); died in in Trois Rivieres, Quebec; was buried in 1662.
    Children:
    1. 2. Pierre Boucher de Grosbois was born on 1 Aug 1622 in Orne, France; died on 19 Apr 1717 in Boucherville, Quebec.
    2. Antoinette Boucher was born on 6 Aug 1621 in Langy, Allier, France.
    3. Charles Boucher was born on 7 Apr 1620 in Chatres, France; died on 17 Apr 1620 in Clermont Creans, Maine, France.
    4. Marie Boucher was born on 22 Jan 1627/28 in Lemans, France; died on 29 Nov 1706 in Batiscan, Quebec.
    5. Nicolas Boucher was born on 9 Sep 1625 in Perche, France; died on 23 Mar 1649 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec.
    6. Madeleine Boucher was born about 1634 in Chartres, France; died on 4 Sep 1691 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec.
    7. Marguerite Boucher was born on 28 Jul 1631 in Mortagne, France; was christened on 28 Jul 1631 in Notre Dame de Mortagne, France; died about 1668 in Montmorency, Quebec; was buried in Chateau Richer, Quebec.

  3. 6.  Christophe Crevier was born on 17 Feb 1611 in St Cande Le Jeune, Rouen, France (son of Nicolas Crevier and Anne Basiret); died on 1 Dec 1663 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec.

    Christophe married Jeanne Evard. Jeanne was born in 1619 in Rouen, France; died on 21 Jan 1682 in Batiscan, Quebec. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Jeanne Evard was born in 1619 in Rouen, France; died on 21 Jan 1682 in Batiscan, Quebec.
    Children:
    1. 3. Jean Crevier was born in 1636 in St Cande Le Jeune, Rouen, France; died on 11 Dec 1727 in Boucherville, Quebec.
    2. Nicolas Crevier was born in 1641 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec; died in 1709 in Cap De La Madeleine, Quebec.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Jacques Jean Boucher was born on 24 Feb 1546 in Rennes, France (son of Jean Boucher and Francoise Roussin, son of Francoise Roussin); died on 30 Jul 1611 in Mortagne, France; was buried on 30 Jul 1611 in Mortagne, Perche, France.

    Jacques married Francoise Paigne on 4 Jul 1582 in Orne, France. Francoise (daughter of Nicolas Fagan Paigne and Marie Castrie) was born on 4 Jul 1552 in Mortagne, Perche, France; was christened in 1552 in Perche, France; died on 30 Jul 1611 in Mortagne, Perche, France; was buried on 30 Jul 1611 in Saint-Langis, Mortagne-au-Perche, Departement de l'Orne, Basse-Normandie, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  Francoise Paigne was born on 4 Jul 1552 in Mortagne, Perche, France; was christened in 1552 in Perche, France (daughter of Nicolas Fagan Paigne and Marie Castrie); died on 30 Jul 1611 in Mortagne, Perche, France; was buried on 30 Jul 1611 in Saint-Langis, Mortagne-au-Perche, Departement de l'Orne, Basse-Normandie, France.
    Children:
    1. Marin Boucher was born on 15 Apr 1589 in Mortagne, France; died on 25 Mar 1671 in Chateau Richer, Quebec.
    2. 4. Gaspard Boucher was born in 1599 in Lemans, France; died on 20 May 1662 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec.
    3. Antoinette Boucher was born about 1609 in Perche, France.
    4. Charles Boucher was born in 1594 in St Malo, France.
    5. Etienne Boucher was born in 1592 in St Malo, France.
    6. Jean Boucher was born in 1598 in St Jean, France.
    7. Nicole Boucher was born in 1590 in St Malo, France.

  3. 10.  Nicolas Lemaire was born on 11 Dec 1572 in Clermont Creans, Maine, France; died on 19 Jun 1652 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec.

    Nicolas married Marie Castrie. Marie was born in 1570 in Le Mans, France; died on 15 Oct 1626 in Angouleme, Charente, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Marie Castrie was born in 1570 in Le Mans, France; died on 15 Oct 1626 in Angouleme, Charente, France.
    Children:
    1. 5. Nicole Lemaire was born in 1598 in Lemans, France; was christened in in Mamers, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France; died in in Trois Rivieres, Quebec; was buried in 1662.

  5. 12.  Nicolas Crevier was born on 19 Apr 1581 in St Croix, St Ouen, France (son of Hugues Crevier and Helene Levasseur); died on 15 Oct 1626 in Rouen, France.

    Nicolas married Anne Basiret. Anne (daughter of Jean Basiret and Rauline Gosselin) was born in 1585 in Rouen, France; died on 12 Mar 1631 in Jeune, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  6. 13.  Anne Basiret was born in 1585 in Rouen, France (daughter of Jean Basiret and Rauline Gosselin); died on 12 Mar 1631 in Jeune, France.
    Children:
    1. 6. Christophe Crevier was born on 17 Feb 1611 in St Cande Le Jeune, Rouen, France; died on 1 Dec 1663 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec.