Jean Samuel Newcomb

Male 1775 - 1853  (78 years)

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  • Name Jean Samuel Newcomb  [1
    Birth 4 May 1775  Dutchess County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Death 20 Oct 1853  Montreal, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I6855  My Genealogy
    Last Modified 3 Jan 2022 

    Father Cyrenius Newcomb,   b. 15 Jan 1748/49, Dutchess County, NY Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 1815, Albany, NY Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 65 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Jane Morris,   b. 25 Mar 1754, Sackets Harbor, NY Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Aug 1822, Pittstown, NY Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 68 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Marriage Abt 1772  [1
    Family ID F1200  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Josepthe Louise Luce Stubinger,   b. 7 May 1790, Boucherville, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 20 Jun 1835, Chateauguay, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 45 years) 
    Marriage 4 Sep 1810  Boucherville, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
     1. Charlotte Elizabeth Newcomb,   b. 10 Jul 1812, Boucherville, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Sep 1846, Coteau, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 34 years)  [natural]
     2. Samuel Newcomb,   b. 13 Aug 1813, Boucherville, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 3 May 1891, Plattsburgh, NY Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 77 years)  [natural]
     3. Henry Newcombe,   b. 2 Jan 1815, Boucherville, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     4. George Newcombe,   b. 22 Jun 1811, Chambly, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 25 Nov 1864, Fortress Monroe, VA Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 53 years)  [natural]
     5. Louise Mathilde Newcomb,   b. 23 Dec 1819, Montreal, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 27 May 1890, Morristown, NY Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 70 years)  [natural]
    Family ID F1133  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 3 Jan 2022 

    Family 2 Onesimus Loranger,   b. 24 Sep 1830, Montreal, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Marriage 23 Oct 1850  Notre Dame de Montreal, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Joseph Phileas Newcomb,   b. 13 Jul 1851, Montreal, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Mar 1871, Montreal, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 19 years)  [natural]
    Family ID F1803  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 3 Jan 2022 

  • Photos
    Dr. Samuel Newcomb
    Dr. Samuel Newcomb
    Born 1775 in Dutchess County, NY; early surgeon and director of the medical college at Montreal; a leader in the revolution of 1837 in Canada; exiled to Australia.

  • Notes 
    • - Samual Newcomb married Josephte Stubinger Sept. 4, 1810, but several days prior, on Sept. 1, he was baptized. This record is found in the Boucherville parish: Sept. 1, 1810, baptize J. Samuel Newcomb, age 34 years, legitimate son of Cyrenius Newcomb and Jane Morris. Attending were his soon-to-be mother-in-law, who signed the record, Charlotte Boucher.

      - Chambly (St-Joseph) Sept. 4, 1810, marriage of Jean Samuel Newcomb, doctor at Boucherville, son of Cyrenius Newcomb and Anne Morris of the Parish of Boucherville, and, Josephte Stubinger, daughter of George Stubinger, doctor of that parish, and of Dame Charlotte Boucher de la Broquerie.

      - In 1802, Samuel Newcomb, along with Kinner Newcomb, signed a letter to the governor of New York State as among representatives of the just-formed Town of Massena, NY, complaing of the St. Regis Indians, The letter was also signed by William Polley, another ancestor of Elizabeth Cayen Como: The Town of Massena - organized in 1802; to His Excellency, John Jay, Esq., Governor of the State of New York, in council: The petition of the several persons whose names are hereunto subscribed, settlers in the townships of Massena and Louisville, on the banks of the river St. Lawrence, in the State of New York, Humbly representeth: That the Indian chiefs and warriors of St. Regis are possessed of a tract of land, chiefly wild meadow, extending from the mouth of Grasse river, in the township of Massena, up to the falls, which is about seven miles. That your petitioners, having settled in the said townships of Massena and Louisville, are greatly annoyed by the said Indians, who threaten to kill and destroy their cattle unavoidably trespassing upon these meadows, they being exposed chiefly without tence, and several of their cattle are missing. Your petitioners therefore, humbly pray your excellency, in council, to take such measures of accommodation with the said Indians as shall seem meet, in order to secure to your petitioners the peaceable enjoyment of their lands and property against the depredations of the said Indians. And your petitioners will ever pray, etc. Signed: Amos Lay, Mamri Victory, Calvin Plumley, Kinner Newcomb. Samuel Newcomb, G. S. Descoteaux, William Polley, Anthony Lamping, Aaron Allen, and two illegible. signatures.

      This is Paragraph 8 at this website:

      - Samuel Newcomb was licensed to practice medicine on Oct. 10, 1812, as published in The Montreal Almanack for Lower Canada Register for 1830.

      - At the birth of his son Joseph on July 13, 1851, from his second marriage, Samuel Newcomb signed the parish ledger. He was 76, and the signature was very shaky. He would die two years later.

      - According to Genealogical Memoir of the Newcomb Family by John Bearse Newcomb 1874, Dr. Samuel Newcomb. Born in Little Nine Partners, North East Princt, Dutchess County, NY May 4, 1775. Married in 1810 to Josepht, daughter of Dr. George Stubinger, b. in Bucherville Parish, Lower Canada; died at Chateaugay Aug. 15, 1835. Dr. Newcomb was a celebrated physician and surgeon; was director of the medical college at Montreal. He remained in Canada until 1839, when he was exiled to Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) for actively taking the part of the French Canadians in the Revolution of 1837-38. After remaining nine years, he was pardoned and returned to Plattsburgh, NY; in 1849, he removed to Morristown, NY (where his daughter Mathilda and family resided) and in 1851, to Montreal, where he died Oct. 20, 1853.

      - "History and Biographical Gazetteer of Montreal," 1893, references an "Almanac of A.D. 1813, printed at Quebec," that includes: "We now come to the Doctors, and we find that the whole number in the city was ten, and in the country (district of Montreal) thirty. The city names are : Geo. Selby, Hy. Loedel, John Rowand, F. H. Bender, Daniel Arnoldi, Benj. Green, Grant Powell, D. T. Kennelly, Abner Rice and Rene Kimbert. At the present day not one of these names appears on our medical list; the families have become extinct, or have left the city. Among the country doctors there are some well-known names, which afterwards figured in Canadian History, such as Henry Munro, Wm. D. Selby, Simon Fraser, Henry Carter, Wolfred Nelson and Samuel Newcombe. The last two were well known in the Rebellion of 1837-8. Then besides the doctors there were the apothecaries. There are only three : A. Lyman, George Wadsworth and Moses Nichols."

      - From The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser; Saturday, 19 March, 1842: "J-M'Lean, principal super of convicts office, Sydney. The undersigned prisoners of the Crown have obtained tickets of leave since the last day of publication. County of Cumberland, Parramatta: Newcombe, Samuel (Buffalo.) - The HMS Buffalo being the ship whick took him to Australia.

      - From Darkness to Light by Borthwick J. Douglas, List of prisoners to be transported to Australia - 1839: Samual Newcombe...Doctor

      - Dr. Newcombe was among Canadian convicts arriving on the HMS Buffalo 1839-1840. From 1839 to 1840 a number of convicts were transported from the British colony of Canada (known then as Upper Canada) for taking part in the rebellions against the British crown. 82 were American patriots, who had crossed the border, and 58 were French prisoners from Lower Canada. 5 civil prisoners were also transported.
      The Buffalo departed from Quebec on 28th September 1839, sailed via Rio de Janeiro, and arrived off Hobart, Tasmania, on 11th February 1840. The Americans were disembarked, but the French convicts from Lower Canada were sent on to Sydney, New South Wales. On 26th February the Buffalo arrived in Sydney with the 58 French-Canadian political prisoners, who were interned near present-day Concord, resulting in the naming of Canada Bay, French Bay and Exile Bay. They were apparently treated much better than the Americans; they were liberated sooner, and assisted in getting home.
      All the prisoners arrived aboard the ship "Buffalo" in 1840 after having been convicted at Montreal, Canada, in late 1838 or 1839.
      When the Americans from the Buffalo arrived in Hobart, they found others who had been transported via the hulks in England, making a total of 92 "Patriot exiles" in VDL. Of these, fourteen died as a direct result of transportation and the rigours of penal servitude. By the end of 1844 half of those in VDL had been granted pardons. Nearly all were pardoned by 1848, but five remained in penal servitude until at least 1850. None of those pardoned chose to stay in Tasmania.
      Source: Text file buffalo.lst, which was extracted from the book
      "HMS Buffalo" by Robert Sexton, published 1984. The HMS Buffalo was a store ship of some 600 tons

      - From French Canadian plitical prisoners, Social Life. New South Wales, 1838-1846. Personal observations: Samuel Newcombe, doctor of medicine, of Chateauguay, aged 65 years, father of five children, burnt, condemned to death.

      - Man of sciences (doctor, surgeon) of Cheteauguay born in 1772 in USA. Patriot. Sentenced to death by the Court-martial on April 8th, 1839 for high treason; his sentence was commuted to banishment. He left the prison of Pied-du-Courant on September 26th, 1839 to go to Quebec where he was loaded on board the Buffalo for Australia; forgiven in 1843, he came back to Canada in 1845. Died in 1866. See Quebec (province). Crisises. Riots of 1837 and 1838.

      - Australian convict index lists Samuel Newcombe, age 65 in 1840, birthplace NY State, Nsw; status: M 3m 2f, ship: Buffalo, occupation: surgeon.

      - Originally American, Samuel Newcomb is the son of Cyrinius Newcomb and Anne Norris. He speaks English and is Catholic. In 1810, he married in Chambly to Joseph Stubing (Lepailleur.) We can assume he learns from his stepfather, Dr. George Stubinger. He practices medicine first in Boucherville, then Chateauguay, where he remains until the unrest in 1838. He had three sons and two daughters and became a widower in 1835. His three sons, Henry, George and Samuel, also take part in patriotic activities. The properties of Dr. Newcomb are burned during the rebellions. Bck from Astralia, he remarried at the age of 77 to Onesimus Loranger in Montreal. He had a child from that marriage: joseph Newcomb (Lepailleur.)
      It seems that the activities for the patriot cause of Dr. Newcomb date back to 1837. His name is identified in newspapers as a signatory to an invitation to Saint Constant and Montreal. The event "which makes us more Dr. Newcomb" is the attempt to disarm Sault St. Louis. His son Henry, probably the elder boy, aged about 30 years in 1837, is clearly present with his father in Chateauguay in 1838. The depositions are full of complaints against him because of recruitment exercises for local hunters. As for son Samuel, political activities in which he participates are not clear. By consulting the lists of prisoners, we know that he is in prison for a period and lives in Mongreal. In his voluntary review Dec. 11, 1838, we know that Samuel Newcomb's son claims to be 24, working for Mr. Donegani. He wants to return to the U.S. to join his wife at her permanent residence in Plattsburg, NY. He added that he was taken prisoner Nov. 4, 1838.
      Samuel concludes by saing that his father is anxious to return to the U.S. This implies that they frequently cross the border. The third son, George, who resided at Chateauguay, also visited the prison. His name appears in a voluntary review as the young George Newcomb and information suggests that George was present along with his brother Henry and his father, Dr. Samuel Newcomb, during the expidition to Caugnawaga. On Nov. 3, with her son Henry Duqeutte and Cardinal, Dr. Newcomb discussed the strategy to go and find reinforcements at Beauharnois or Laprarie. Finally, not following the orders of Robert Nelson, it was decided nevertheless to go disarm the Indians of Sault St. Louis (Caughnawaga.) On the afternoon of Nov. 3, Henry put all his energies to collect those who had taken an oath. They decided first to monitor loyal posting sentries near the bridge. At about two or three hours, the four leaders, accompanied by 150 men and Henry Newcomb armed with a sword, walked towards Caughnawaga. In the early morning they arrivede at Sault. Dr. Newcomb and his associates tried to negotiate with the Americans; son Henry at this moment was in the woods with a majority of the troop. However, 65 were taken prisoner and then delivered to the authorities. According to Sellar, a Newcomb managed to escape. Henry was in the prison of Saint-Ours until June, 1838 and was transferred to a new prison in Montreal. He received his sentence of high treason in the same month and was to be released on bail. George was also imprisoned at Montreal. He will be acquitted and released.
      Dr. Newcomb refuses any cooperating with the authorities and on Dec. 18, 1838, received the verdict of the death penalty, but he is finally deported. When learning the news, he was very surprised and almost despaired. "The Canadian" reports that "all have shown firmness and Dr. Newcomb, despite his relatively advanced age of 65 or 66, and a health issue for which there are fears for his life, was also courageous. Thanks to newspapers of his companions in exile, we learn that Newcomb is very ill and suffers from asthma problems during the trip. He is so close to death that they feared for his life at any moment. He will not participate in the Saturday task of brushing the floor. On Feb. 24, 1840, he was very shocked against Lepailleur as the latter made to sign a letter of thanks to the master and doctor of HMS Buffalo. He practiced medicine for free. Lepailleur reports that Newcomb is caring for his sick companions and he does his best to treat them, especially Louis Jones and Gabriel Ignatius Chevrefils, who both died in Australia. Later, he practiced medicine in Sydney with Dr. Moris. Lepailleur reports that they are very badly housed because the government does not pay cash. In December 1842, Newcomb gets a response from the government because he and Hector Pierre Morin live in extreme poverty; the gov't provides goods and money to pay their rent.
      Samuel Newcomb returned to Canada in 1848 at age 74. He died in 1866 at age 92 or 93 by entrusting his son Joseph Charles Marshall (Lepailleur.)

      - "Andrew Newcomb and His Descendants," by Bethuel Merritt Newcomb, New Haven, CT, 1923, has children of Dr. Samuel Newcomb included Elizabeth, b. July 10, 1812, died Sept., 1846, m. Jan. 15, 1826 Christopher Walling. Had four children; one daughter, Elizabeth, d. at Mattown of typhoid fever and was buried at Ottawa about 1890; Samuel, b. Aug. 13, 1813; Henry, b. 1815, d. Feb. 3, 1843; Georbe, b. 1817, in hospital at Fortress Monroe Va.l, Nov. 25, 1864; interred in National Cemetery at Hampton, Va as per Roll of Honor, vol. 5, p. 25; also Vol. 25, p. 213, No. 1030. He enlisted Sept. 28, 1863 at Ogdensburgh, NY for three years as a private, Co., A., 16th NY Art.; and, Matilda, b. Dec. 22, 1823 at Montgreal, m. Jan. 4, 1846, Simon, b. Jan. 17, 1816 at Montreal, engineer, son of Simon Marceau. Prior to 1840 they resided at Montreal, Grand Brule, Ottawa, and Prescott; removed to Ogdensburg, NY and in 1846 to Morristown, St. Lawrence County, NY where they continued to reside. Children: Henry Marceau, b. Oct. 4, 1846, d. Aug. 14, 1847; Elizabeth, b. June 1, 1848, m. May 16, 1870, Henry Louis Pinard, builder, resided Ogdensburg; 3: Mathilda, b. Jan. 17, 1850, m. July 13, 1868, George Henry Morley, builder, resided Ogdensburg; 4: Henrietta, b. Oct. 24, 1853, m. Sept. 27, 1871, Joseph Achille Pinard, importer of and dealer in dry goods at Ottawa, children: Arthur Achille Pinard, b. Aug. 28, 1872; Maria Adele, b. Oct. 8, 1857, d. Feb. 1860; Arthur Napoleon, b. Aug. 14, 1860; Marie Louise, b. July 29, 1864, d. Oct. 16, 1865.

  • Sources 
    1. [S8] Como-recore.FTW.